The delegates of the Third Estate said they represented the people of France.Without taxes to fund its activities, government could not exist.Although it failed to achieve all of its goals and at times degenerated into a chaotic bloodbath, the movement played a critical role in shaping modern nations by showing the world the power inherent in the will of the people.You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.Reactionary is the term given to an adherent of extreme conservatism.Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution, With 12 Topical Essays, 250 Images, 350 Text Documents, 13 Songs, 13 Maps, a Timeline, and a Glossary.
Large existing debts and a history of renouncing earlier ones meant that the country was forced to borrow at higher interest rates than some other countries, further adding to the already massive debt.French Revolution Vocabulary revolution—a time of dramatic change scientific method—a method of testing an hypothesis with experimentation, data.Origins of the Revolution The French Revolution had general causes common to all the revolutions of the West at the end of the 18th century and particular causes that explain why it was by far the most violent and the most universally significant of these revolutions.Hand in hand with social unrest went a mushrooming financial crisis.He pursued pleasure before serious business and ran up more debts.It is uncertain, however, whether revolution would have come without the added presence of a political crisis.It also included the officials who staffed the royal bureaucracy, as well as lawyers, doctors, journalists, professors, and skilled artisans.
Those rights included top jobs in government, the army, the courts, and the Church.He was weak and incapable as king and not overly intelligent.In 1770 he married Marie-Antoinette, youngest daughter of Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria.Study Chapter 11 - The French Revolution Vocabulary Flashcards at ProProfs - The vocabulary from each section of chapter 11, as well as some documents, people, and.Many more were packed into prisons, where deaths were common.
French revolution Synonyms, French revolution AntonymsFor instance, who would be responsible for electing delegates.The Constitution of 1791 set up a limited monarchy in place of the absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries.
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Louis XVI (1754-1793), king of France (1774-1792), who lost his throne in the French Revolution and was later beheaded by the revolutionary regime.The delegates believed that the king intended to send them home.
Within a week, most of the clerical deputies and 47 liberal nobles had joined them, and on June 27 Louis XVI grudgingly absorbed all three orders into the new assembly.In response, many clergy condemned the Enlightenment for undermining religion and moral order.By 1789, half its tax income went just to pay interest on this enormous debt.
Louis also increased surveillance of and control over his subjects by building up the military, creating a Parisian police force, and tightening the system of book censorship.They included apprentices, journeymen, and others who worked in industries such as printing or cloth making.To ensure delivery to your inbox, add us to your address book.On the domestic front, meanwhile, the political crisis took a radical turn when a group of insurgents led by the extremist Jacobins attacked the royal residence in Paris and arrested the king on August 10, 1792.Louis XVI Kind during the French Revolution, he called the Estates General together. FRENCH REVOLUTION VOCABULARY Author: su Last modified by: su Created Date.Especially damaging was her supposed connection with the so-called Diamond Necklace affair, a scandal involving the fraudulent purchase of some jewels (1785).A revolution seemed necessary to apply the ideas of Montesquieu, Voltaire, or Rousseau.Costs generally had risen in the 1700s, and the lavish court soaked up millions.Like his great-grandfather, Philip II of Spain, Louis believed in divine right.
French Revolution Vocabulary - PC\|MACA new Legislative Assembly had the power to make laws, collect taxes, and decide on issues of war and peace.On June 12, as the National Assembly (known as the National Constituent Assembly during its work on a constitution) continued to meet at Versailles, fear and violence consumed the capital.Then came the winter of 1788-1789, probably the worst of the entire century.Furthermore, from about 1730, higher standards of living had reduced the mortality rate among adults considerably.The French Revolution Hits the Streets: The Bastille and the Great Fear.At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. (Internet URLs are the best.).Some peasants demanded the right to kill animals that were destroying their crops.
The wave of revolutionary fervor and widespread hysteria quickly swept the countryside.He wisely chose Jacques Necker, a financial wizard, as an adviser.The anger of the French people against taxes and the lavish spending of the court resulted in 1788 in the recall of Necker, who, however, could not prevent the bankruptcy of the government.If you changed your mind, please contact us and indicate that you would like to subscribe to HISTORY emails.The Estates-General, first convened by King Philip IV in 1302, was most powerful in the 14th and early 15th centuries.On July 14, Paris seized the spotlight from the national assembly meeting in Versailles.At Versailles, ambitious nobles vied for royal appointments, while idle courtiers enjoyed endless entertainments.
Not only were the royal coffers depleted, but two decades of poor cereal harvests, drought, cattle disease and skyrocketing bread prices had kindled unrest among peasants and the urban poor.Reflecting Enlightenment goals, it ended Church interference in government and ensured equality before the law for all citizens.